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In a recent move towards bolstering regulatory frameworks, the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has released a comprehensive paper titled,

“Decentralisation Finance: A Categorisation of Smart Contracts.” While the Markets in Crypto-Assets (MiCA) framework set to take effect doesn’t directly supervise decentralized finance (DeFi), ESMA’s proactive stance indicates a growing need for a deeper understanding and monitoring of the complexity, fragility, and contagion associated with smart contracts.

ESMA’s Proactive Approach

ESMA’s paper underscores the necessity for regulators to comprehend the intricacies of smart contracts interdependency within the DeFi space. Although MiCA doesn’t provide direct oversight, ESMA’s move suggests a commitment to staying ahead of the curve in evolving financial landscapes.

Smart contracts, pivotal to DeFi operations, present a decentralized system where transactions occur without intermediaries. The proactive approach by ESMA acknowledges the significance of keeping a vigilant eye on potential risks and interconnectedness within the DeFi sector.

Striking a Balance

In the evolving landscape of decentralized finance, striking a balance between decentralization and regulatory supervision becomes paramount. The DeFi community advocates for decentralized systems, emphasizing the autonomy and independence from traditional financial institutions.

However, ESMA’s move signals a need for supervision without compromising the core principles of decentralization. The risks associated with smart contracts that depend on each other necessitate a careful regulatory eye to avoid potential pitfalls and ensure the stability of the DeFi ecosystem.

Regulators Seeking Centralisation: A Dilemma

The tug-of-war between decentralization and regulatory oversight is not new. While regulators express the desire for centralization to maintain control and mitigate risks, the inherent nature of decentralized systems challenges traditional regulatory norms.

A notable paradox arises when considering the regulatory inclination towards centralization. Regulators often struggle to comprehend and oversee the intricate details of traditional banking books, raising questions about their capability to effectively regulate decentralized and complex systems like DeFi.



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